Horticulture Tips

September

Avoid overwatering lawn to prevent brown patch. Reduce wa- tering on caladiums late in the month when they begin to go dormant. Divide and transplant daylilies, irises and cannas. Re- frigerate tulips, crocus and hyacinths for 4-6 weeks. Plant per- ennial shrubs to establish roots.

October

Sow wildflower seeds such as bluebonnet, black-eyed Susans, Indian blanket and coreopsis. To prevent disease, avoid over- use of nitrogen fertilizers. Provide food, water and shelter for birds. Mow over fallen leaves so they will decompose with grass clippings. Plant Swiss chard, collards, kale, cilantro and parsley.

November

Use fallen leaves to mulch plants or add to compost pile. Ferti- lize lawn. Pick green tomatoes if a freeze is forecast. Plant daf- fodils and hyacinths on Thanksgiving Day. Plant pansies, cycla- men and ornamental kale.

December

Mulch well to protect roots from frost. Plant shrubs. Plant alys- sum, calendula, dianthus. Add leaves to compost pile.

January

Water plants if a freeze is forecast. Plant refrigerated tulips New Year’s Day. Plant rose bushes, calendula, cyclamen, pansies, dianthus and snapdragons. Plant broccoli, cabbage, collards and peas.

February

Prepare soil for spring planting by adding good compost and Mi- croLife. Prune dead or crossing branches from rose bushes. Plant trees and shrubs. Plant tomatoes protected from possible frost.

March

Feed plants with organic fertilizer. Avoid weed-and-feed fertiliz- ers that can damage trees and shrubs. Feed lawn with finished compost. Plant milkweed to attract Monarch butterflies. Plant lettuce, beans, mint, oregano, rosemary, sage and thyme.

April

Plant caladiums in soil with good drainage. Feed container plants. Plant Easter lilies in the garden after they finish bloom- ing. Pick tomatoes at the first sign of pink. Replace winter annu- als with warm weather plants.

May

Mulch well to prevent weeds. Allow bluebonnets to reseed by not cutting off blooms. Last chance to prune and fertilize azal- eas. Repot container plants if needed.

June

Water in the early morning. Mow lawn higher during hot months to preserve moisture. Clean hummingbird feeders every 3-4 days. Allow grass clippings to stay on the lawn to feed the soil.

July

To prevent burning, avoid chemical fertilizers during hot months. Keep caladiums well-watered. Don’t overwater azaleas. Water deeply when you water to encourage deep roots. Avoid wide use of lawn chemicals. For chinch bugs spot treat only infected are- as with insecticidal soap.

August

Prune leggy shrubs and perennials. Keep hummingbird feeders full and watch for fall migration. Plant chrysanthemums and irises. Water early in the morning, slowly and deeply.